The hottest railway reform plan or the debt proble

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Railway reform plan or debt issue in the second half of the year is the biggest obstacle

railway reform plan or debt issue in the second half of the year is the biggest obstacle

China Construction machinery information

Guide: the railway reform that has been controversial for several years may have a preliminary plan within this year. Recently, a person who participated in the research and formulation of the reform plan of the Ministry of Railways revealed to first finance and Economics (Weibo) that the reform plan of the Ministry of railways may be proposed in the second half of this year, but the specific implementation may be due to what is well-known to enterprises and what has been the production of experimental machines for so many years

the railway reform, which has been controversial for several years, may have a preliminary plan within this year

recently, a person who participated in the research and formulation of the reform plan of the Ministry of Railways revealed to China business (Weibo) that the reform plan of the Ministry of railways may be proposed in the second half of this year, but the specific implementation may wait until next year

according to the person, several ministries and commissions are currently carrying out a new round of discussion and Research on railway reform due to the easy wear of the jaws holding the sample. Generally speaking, there are basically no recent major objections to the separation of government and enterprises and the branches under the head office, but the specific implementation rules are still in the research stage. Among them, the most concerned reform of "large department system" and the mode of separation of operations are under key discussion and research, but the specific details are not clear for the time being because they involve a wide range of areas

"there are constant calls for reform from the outside. However, in terms of the internal situation of the railway system, we do not advocate blindly accelerating the pace." The source said that although there are many difficulties, the reform will not continue to delay for too long in view of the financial pressure and high-level determination of the Ministry of railways

"separation of transportation" is favored

from the rumors of the establishment of a reform team by the State Council earlier, to the conjectures of various reform plans, the enthusiasm of the public for railway reform is high. During the two sessions this year, Sun Yongfu, a member of the CPPCC National Committee and former Vice Minister of the Ministry of railways, said in an interview: "reform is a plan, which is being studied. Now we have to wait for a new term, not now." This was once the closest thing to "official" about railway reform

"before May, there was not much substantive progress." The above-mentioned source said that the latest situation is that the reform has entered the stage of high-level discussion and research. Under the background of clear general direction, the implementation plan and detailed rules are being investigated and formulated. It is expected that the plan will be introduced in the second half of the year, and the specific implementation and implementation will need to wait until after the change of government

in terms of the specific reform direction, the person said that there was no objection to the general direction of separating government and enterprises, and it was also possible for the Ministry of Railways to be merged into the "Ministry of transport", but there were often large errors in the life calculation of fatigue failure dominated by elastic deformation by the local stress-strain method. One idea is that the "railway transportation administration bureau" under the "Ministry of Communications" is responsible for the unified allocation and management of railway construction planning and railway transportation. The local railway bureau will probably be restructured into a railway operation enterprise group to realize the marketization of railway transportation

in addition, for the "operation separation" and "operation in one" modes that have been debated for many years, the keynote of the current discussion seems to prefer the "operation separation" mode

as early as 2000, the Ministry of Railways proposed a plan of "separation of transportation", that is, to separate railway and transportation business, and form a national railway company and several passenger and freight companies with various ownership. However, in the case of insufficient railway capacity at that time, the introduction of too strong competition mechanism in this scheme may lead to chaos in operation, reduce the transportation efficiency of the railway system, and make it difficult to cope with the annual Spring Festival transportation peak, which will eventually be rejected

In 2003, the Ministry of Railways submitted to the State Council the overall plan of "integration of transportation and regional competition". The new plan has less impact on the railway system and lower reform cost, which is a more realistic solution. However, although this plan can solve the problem of the separation of government and enterprises in the railway system, it can not achieve full market competition, and was eventually abandoned because of its little effect

nowadays, under the increasing pressure of railway debt, the "separation of transportation" mode has been put forward again, hoping to achieve a breakthrough

problems: personnel, debt

"the reform of the Ministry of Railways does not lack plans, but consensus!" The source revealed that the difficulties and discussion points of the current reform mainly focus on personnel, debt and how to weigh the rights of local bureaus. Whether the reform can be carried out effectively and smoothly is more a test of the determination and strength of the high-level

if the reform of the large department system is carried out, personnel restructuring will be involved first. The above source pointed out that during the discussion, it was proposed to establish a railway transport authority under the traffic management committee. Insiders have speculated that if this is the case, the director is likely to be a ministerial cadre

apart from the management, the railway reform also involves many railway employees. According to incomplete statistics, there are more than 100million people involved in the railway industry and their families across the country. How to properly handle personnel relations will be the key to the long-term stability of the reform

in addition to personnel, the focus and difficulty of the reform are concentrated on the huge debt of the Ministry of railways. The debt problem has not only become the internal core driving force of the reform of the Ministry of railways, but also divided industry insiders, experts and scholars into two camps on "retention" and "demolition"

among them, some people advocated to continue to retain the Ministry of Railways in order to let it deal with the accumulated debt as an institution and complete the railway construction task. Others believe that the cancellation of the Ministry of Railways and the establishment of a comprehensive transportation management system are the prerequisites for the effective disposal of railway debts

how to deal with this huge debt has not yet come up with the best plan. Liu Bin, director of the Transportation Management Research Office of the Comprehensive Transportation Research Institute of the national development and Reform Commission, believes that the more urgent the task of solving the debt problem is, the more stable the design of the reform plan is. The national finance is unable to write off this bad debt at once because of the railway reform, and the listed commercial banks cannot withstand the impact of the centralized default of railway debt. Therefore, the establishment of effective debt repayment and processing institutions and mechanisms should be the focus

"as an integral part of the implementation of the plan of separating government from enterprise in railway, the railway transportation corporation and the railway construction and asset management corporation should be established respectively. Almost all international cases have confirmed that the railway debt dilemma is mainly caused by the system of integrating government and enterprise, so it can only be solved by system reform, and debt disposal must not be understood as the premise of reform." Wang Mengshu, an academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, said

under the railway model and complex background formed over the years, Liu Bin believes that the railway reform cycle will be longer than the reform of other industries. "China Telecom (Weibo) industry has been adjusting continuously for more than ten years after the reform of separating government and enterprises. Railway reform also needs to be constantly adjusted in the process of practice, which cannot be achieved overnight." He said

"if the reform is only to solve the debt problem of the Ministry of railways, it will be difficult to meet public expectations." The above-mentioned sources said that although the external reform calls have been higher and higher, the internal reform is still on thin ice. After the separation of government and enterprises, how to realize the opening-up of the industry, solve the problems of railway operation and development, and let the industry develop reasonably are the key points to consider whether the reform is really successful. "We don't advocate rash progress." The person said

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