The hottest smart city ICT is not a panacea

2022-08-24
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Smart city: ICT is not a panacea

smart city has become a hot word at this year's national two sessions. The government report points out that it will improve the level of urban planning and construction and develop smart cities. Although smart city is not a new word, it is the first time that it has really appeared in the government work report of the two sessions

on March 27, experts from relevant government departments, including the high-tech industry department of the national development and Reform Commission, the planning and Information Department of the national health and Family Planning Commission, and the information center of the Ministry of civil affairs, as well as enterprises and industry participants attended the first China information for the benefit of the people conference. At the meeting, words such as smart city information benefiting the people were interpreted in detail

smart city, that is, a new concept and model that makes urban planning, construction, management and service intelligent by using new technologies such as IOT, cloud computing and big data, is literally connected with information, communication and Technology (ICT). However, it is surprising that some experts believe that ICT should not be the core of development in this hot area closely integrated with ICT

ICT helps urban informatization development

how to understand smart city

according to Shan Zhiguang, deputy director of the Informatization Research Department of the National Information Center, the basis for implementing smart cities is to promote the integration of physical and information infrastructure and build urban functional infrastructure. The main line is to promote the deep integration of urban economic and social development; The core is to maximize the development, integration, integration, sharing and utilization of various urban information resources; The goal is to provide better and more convenient information services

however, all kinds of information of different categories, industries, departments and regions are often isolated and isolated. Therefore, Shan Zhiguang said that the core challenge of a smart city is to solve the economic and social development problems of the whole city, and to open, exchange, integrate and share all kinds of information

this view was endorsed by Luo Jianzhong, deputy director of the E-government Expert Committee of the National Academy of administration. He proposed that smart cities are urban informatization aimed at improving the efficiency of solving urban economic and social problems. In this process, it really needs the development of ICT

Luo Jianzhong believes that various subjects in urban life will encounter various problems. The solution of these problems depends on the allocation of material resources, and ICT plays a very important role in resource allocation. These temperature ranges can usually meet the needs of temperature experiments of most domestic military and civilian products

according to Ning Jiajun, deputy director of the expert committee of the National Information Center, at present, the high technology department of the national development and Reform Commission has issued the first batch of research tasks to the provincial development and reform commissions and 80 pilot cities

Ning Jiajun pointed out that the main research tasks include: Research on the needs, problems and measures of information benefiting the people; Research on top-level design framework of urban informatization; Research on issues related to information technology to improve government governance capacity; Research on government process reengineering and function transformation under the conditions of big data and cloud computing; Research on the safe and reliable application of information to benefit the people; Promote the research on the system of information benefiting the people; Research on issues related to the integrated development of information infrastructure; Research on government data opening and social utilization mechanism

from these eight tasks, it is not difficult to see that the current major research and pilot projects of smart cities are inseparable from ICT

problems and means put the cart before the horse

but is ICT the foundation for the development of smart cities

Shan Zhiguang gave a negative answer: now many smart cities are under construction. I personally think that we pay too much attention to ICT capabilities, and ICT is not a panacea. He further pointed out that the success of smart cities does not lie in ICT means, but in whether there has been a fundamental change in the mode of thinking, construction philosophy and behavior, and the arrangement of 1500 jobs, which is the core

Luo Jianzhong believes that in the resource allocation and informatization of cities, it is necessary to realize public services, market 3, lightweight body services. The ultimate problem of smart cities is to solve all kinds of problems in production and life

however, problems and means seem to put the cart before the horse

Luo Jianzhong stressed that everyone should care about information engineering. The government is concerned about construction, and enterprises are concerned about making orders, doing projects, integrating and selling products. The industry cares about architecture, platform, cloud computing, IOT and big data. Will it benefit the people to build the largest data center after finishing these? No. Can there be a smart city? No

Shan Zhiguang also pointed out that the construction of smart cities should focus on the essence of things and adhere to problem orientation and demand drive, rather than technology orientation and project drive

we should start from the needs of urban development, so that people can experience the business goals. Then discuss what ICT means should be used to support this goal, so as to avoid the problem of hollowing out the construction of smart cities by only paying attention to high-end technology and large projects and not paying attention to actual results. Shan Zhiguang said

where is the way out

in addition to changing from focusing on Information Engineering to focusing on urban economic and social problems and problem-solving service products, focusing on the origin of the problem, breaking the idea that informatization is the construction of information systems, how can smart city construction obtain long-term momentum from an industrial perspective

experts believe that the government and enterprises are still the dual driving forces

Luo Jianzhong suggested that enterprises invest, build and operate information-based products, provide specific types of service products, and the direct purchase of service products by the government and consumers can obtain a strong and lasting driving force for marketization, and reverse the formation of a stable value chain and a complete industrial chain

in this process, whether government led or enterprise led, there must be six goals: first, list the list of local economic and social problems and the goal of the degree of solution; Second, predict the demand list, price and income of service products; Third, formulate the budget plan for government purchase of public service products; Fourth, list the list of government promotion policies; Fifth, arrange funds and operation mechanism; Sixth, formulate the system of relevant resource allocation and its integration with informatization

if it is led by the government, from the perspective of investment, it depends on China Merchants and the information office. With these six conditions, enterprises can complete. If you choose the market-oriented type, you may have to rely on capital, intermediaries, and the government to bid. Under the above six conditions, the investment of each city can be guaranteed to be sustainable, profitable and have internal motivation. Luo Jianzhong said

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